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Adventure Playgrounds
Arvid Bengtsson1972

Adventure: The Value of Risk in Children’s Play by Alliance for Childhood
Joan Almon, 2013

Aldo Van Eyck: Designing for Children, Playgrounds
Liane Lifaivre, 2002

The Art of Play: Recess and the Practice of Invention
Anna R. Beresin, 2014

Children Play and Development 4th Edition
Fergus P. Hughes, SAGE Publications, 2010 

Childhood and Nature: Design Principles for Educators
David Sobel, 2008

The Developmental Benefits of Playgrounds: Research results from leading experts on playgrounds and child development
Joe L. Frost, Pei-San Brown, John A. Sutterby, Candra D.Thornton,  Association for Childhood Education International, 2004

Forest Kindergartens: The Cedarsong Way 
Erin Kenny

Forest School and Outdoor Learning in the Early Years, 2nd Edition
Sara Knight

International Play Association: Promoting the Child’s Right to Play

Last Child in the Woods: Saving our Children from Nature Deficit Disorder
Richard Louv, 2008

Natural Playscapes: Creating Outdoor Play Environments for the Soul
Rusty Keeler, Exchange Press, 2008

Nature Play: Nurturing Children and Strengthening Conservation Through Connections to the Land 
Ken Finch and  Andrew Loza, Pennsylvania Land Trust Association, 2014 AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIQFJLILYGVDR4AMQ&Expires=1443474296&Signature=Y4qJlt68z9AmJ8192wFnyPxce5s%3D

The New Adventure Playground Movement
Morgan Leichter Saxby and Suzanna Law, 2015 Notebook Publishing

The Overprotected Kid
Hanna Rosin, The Atlantic

A Pedagogy of Place: Outdoor Education in a Changing World
Brian Wattchow and Michael Brown, Monash University, 2012. 

Place-Based Education: Connecting Classrooms and Communities (Nature Literacy Series, Volume 4 – Second Edition)
David Sobel and Steven David Johnson

Play: How it Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination, and Invigorates the Soul
Stuart Brown and Christopher Vaughan, 2010

Play Matters: A Study of Best Practices to Inform Local Policy and Process in Support of Children’s Play

Playgrounds for Free: The Utilization of Used and Surplus Materials in Playground Construction
Paul Hogan, MIT Press, Cambridge Massachusetts 1974

Pop-Up Adventure Play

Risk and Adventure in Early Years Outdoor Play: Learning from Forest Schools
Sara Knight

The Science of Play: How to Build Playgrounds that Enhance Children’s Development
Susan G. Solomon, 2014 University Press of New England

Sharing Nature with Children: The Calssic Parents’ and Teachers’ Nature Awareness Guidebook
Jospeph Cornell, 1998.

Smith Memorial Playground

US Play Coalition: Value of Play, Association for Childhood Education International

Yardsticks: Children in the Classroom Ages 4-14. 3rd Edition
Chip Wood, Northeast Foundation for Children, Inc., 2007


Alliance for Childhood

Child Friendly Communities
Society for Children and Youth of BC in Vancoucer, Canada

Children, Art, Artists: The Expressive Languages of Children, The Artistic Language of Alberto Burri
Vea Vecchi and Claudia Giudici, editors, Reggio Children, 2004 

Children, Spaces, Relations: Metaproject for an Environment for Young Children
Reggio Children and Domus Academy Research Center, Giulio Ceppi, Michele Zini, editors, 1998

Constructive Play: Applying Piaget in the Preschool
George Forman and Fleet Hill

The Critical Place of Play in Education 
Dolores Steglin, A Collaboration Between the US Play Coalition and The Association of Childhood Education International-ACEI. February 2015.

The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds 
Kenneth R. Ginsburg, MD, American Academy of Pediatrics, Guidance for the Clinician in Rendering Pediatric Care, 2012

Insights and Inspirations from Reggio Emilia
Leila Gandini, Susan Etheridge and Lynn Hill, 2008

One City, Many Children
Rolando Baldini, Ilaria Cavallini, Peter Moss and Vania Vecchi (ed), Reggio Children Publications, 2012

“Quality Outdoor Play Spaces for Young Children” 
Paul M. Wright and Karen H. Spencer, NAEYC, November 2014

Reggio Tutta: A Guide to the City by the Children
Municipality of Reggio Emilia, Department of Education Infant/Toddler Centers and Preschools, Reggio Children, 2000

We are All Explorers: Learning and Teaching with Reggio Principles in Urban Settings
Daniel R. Scheinfield, Karen M. Haigh and J.P. Scheinfield

The Wonder of Learning
Reggio Emilia Exhibition Catalogue, 2010


Active Living By Design

Active Living Research | Promoting active-friendly communities

American Playgrounds: Revitalizing Community Space
Susan G. Solomon, 2005

Approved Street Trees
Philadelphia Parks & Recreation

Architecture for Children
Sarah Scott, Aust Council for Ed Research, 2010

Asphalt to Ecosystems: Design Ideas for Schoolyard Transformation
Sharon Gamson Danks, New Village Press, 2010

Attractive Playgrounds: Some Factors Affecting User Interest and Visiting Patterns
Märit Jansson, 2010

Behind Monkey Bars
Susan G. Solomon, The Pennsylvania Gazzette, 2015

Changing Skyline: Redesigning playgrounds to promote 'loose play' - think pop-up play spaces 
Inga Saffron,

The Complete Book of Playground Design
Carles Broto, 2012

Design for Play
Dattner Richard, 1974

Designing the Creative Child: Playthings and Places in Midcentury America
Amy Ogata2013

Great Kids Spaces: Design for Fun
Marta Rojas, Links Books, 2006

How We Play Precedent Exhibition
Curated by the Community Design Collaborative

The Impact of Playground Design on the Play Behaviours of Children with Differing Levels of Physical Competence. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 14, no. 1,
Ann C. Barbour, 1999

Kindergartens, Schools and Playgrounds
Ana Canizares and Julio Fajardo (eds), 2007

Once Upon a Playground : A Celebration of Classic America Playgrounds 1920-1975
Brenda Biondo (Author), Susan Solomon (Contributor), Darell Hammond (Contributor), 2014

Pennsylvania Horticultural Society

Plants for Play: A Plant Selection Guide for Children's Outdoor Environments 
Robin Moore, MIG Communications, 1993

Play in Architecture
Veronica Keefer, 2008

Playground Design
Michelle Galindo, Braun, 2012

"From The Ground UP Ltd" Australia

PlayGroundology… an emerging social science
Alex Smith

Playgrounds: Reinventing the Square
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte and Siruela, 2014

Play Scapes: All the Best Playgrounds are Here
Paige Johnson

Playspace Precedents
Compiled by Jillian

Schools & Educational Spaces
Sibylle Kramers, Braun, 2009

Schoolyard Design Guide
Community Design Collaborative

Urban Playground Spaces


Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents
International City/County Management Association

From Fitness Zones to the Medical Mile: How Urban Park Systems Can Best Promote Health and Wellness
The Trust for Public Land

Philadelphia Department of Public Health

Walking for Transportation and Fitness
Safe Routes Philly

Stormwater Management

Green Stormwater Infrastructure Planning and Design Guidelines

Green Stormwater Infrastructure Design Requirements and Guidelines 
Philadelphia Water - Office of Watersheds

Green Stormwater Infrastructure Landscape Design Guidebook
Philadelphia Water - Office of Watersheds 

Philadelphia Stormwater Regulations
Philadelphia Water

Philly Watersheds Blog Philadelphia Water Department

Stormwater Management Grant Programs
Philadelphia Water

Stormwater Management Incentive Program (SMIP) Fact Sheet
Philadelphia Water

Guidelines and Standards

Caring for Our Children, National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care Programs, Second Edition
American Academy of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, 2002

Caring for Our Children, National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Early Care and Education Programs, Third Edition

Childcare Design Centre Guide
US General Services Administration (GSA), Public Building Services Office Of Childcare (PBS-140), 2003

Child Care Design Guide
Anita Rui Olds, McGraw Hill, 2000

Creating Accessible Schools
James Ansley, National Clearing House for Educational Facilities, 2010

Department of Justice's  2010 ADA Standards
Refer to Chapter 2 for scoping requirements and Chapter 10 Section 1008 for Play Areas

Guide on Play Areas

Infant Toddler Environment Rating Scale (IERS)
Thelma Harms, Debby Cryer, Richard M. Clifford, Teachers College Press

School-Age Care Environmental Rating Scale (SAERS)
Thelma Harms, Ellen Vineberg Jacobs, Donna Romano White, Teachers College Press

Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale (ECERS)
Thelma Harms, Richard M. Clifford, Debby Cryer, Teachers College Press

PA Position Statements for the ECERS-R

Property Manager's Child Care Resource Book
US Department of Health and Human Services, 2007

Head Start Center Design Guide
US Department of Health and Human Services, 2005

Play Space Assessment
Head Start Body Start National Center for Physical Development and Outdoor Play

“Supporting Outdoor Play and Exploration for Infants and Toddlers," Technical Assistance Paper 14
Early Head Start National Resource Centre, 2013

Keystone Stars: Continuous Quality Improvement for Learning Programs 
Center Performance Standards for FY 2014-2015 Revised

Nature Play & Learning Places National Guidelines: Creating and managing places where children engage with nature
Robin C. Moore, Natural Learning Initiative and National Wildlife Federation, 2014

The Pennsylvania Code. Chapter 3270. Child Day Care Centers

Public Playground Safety Handbook 2010, US Consumer Product Safety Commission

Citywide/Statewide Policy Documents

2014 Philadelphia Department of Health Activity Report 
Get Healthy Philly

City of Philadelphia Zoning Code (2012)
Philadelphia City Planning Commission
Zoning Code Commission

Complete Streets Design Handbook (2012)
Mayor’s Office of Transportation and Utilities
Streets Department

Estimating the Supply of and Demand for Child Care in Philadelphia
The Reinvestment Fund 

Green 2015: An Action Plan for the First 500 Acres (2010)
Philadelphia Parks & Recreation

Green City, Clean Waters (2011)
Philadelphia Water Department

Green City, Clean Waters Videos 
Philadelphia Water Department

Greenworks Philadelphia (2009 Report /2012 Progress Report)
City of Philadelphia Mayor’s Office of Sustainability

Philadelphia 2035 (2011)
Philadelphia City Planning Commission

Pre-K for PA

A Running Start Philadelphia
Shared Prosperity Philadelphia




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